Modelling complex systems in Archaeology: general issues and first insights from the ModelAnSet project

Frédérique Bertoncello, Marie-Jeanne Ouriachi, Célia da Costa Pereira, Andrea Tettamanzi, Louise Purdue, Daniel Contreras, Dennis Fox, Nobuyuki Hanaki, Rami Ajroud, Jérémy Lefebvre

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Abstract :
International audience
Complexity theory provides useful concepts for archaeologicalissues related to the understanding of past societies and their environment.More specifically, Agent-Based Modelling is a relevant tool to explorescenarios and to test hypotheses about the impacts of complex socioenvironmentalinteractions on the transformations of ancient settlement systemsevident in archaeological records. After a short historiography of complexsystems modelling in Archaeology, this paper focus on the mains issuesof archaeological simulation models. As a case study, we briefly presentthe model under development within the ModelAnSet project supported byUCAJEDI Complex Systems Academy of Excellence. Agent-Based Modellingis used to explore the respective impacts of environmental and social factorson the settlement pattern and dynamics during the Roman period inSouth-Eastern France.
Keywords : Modelling, archaeology, Agent-Based Modeling
Published : 2018-01-11
Document Type : Conference papers

Citation

Frédérique Bertoncello, Marie-Jeanne Ouriachi, Célia da Costa Pereira, Andrea Tettamanzi, Louise Purdue, Daniel Contreras, Dennis Fox, Nobuyuki Hanaki, Rami Ajroud, Jérémy Lefebvre, « Modelling complex systems in Archaeology: general issues and first insights from the ModelAnSet project », Proceedings of the Complex Systems Academy, 2018-01-11. URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02014645