Modelling complex systems in Archaeology: general issues and first insights from the ModelAnSet project

Frédérique Bertoncello, Marie-Jeanne Ouriachi, Célia da Costa Pereira, Andrea Tettamanzi, Louise Purdue, Daniel Contreras, Dennis Fox, Nobuyuki Hanaki, Rami Ajroud, Jérémy Lefebvre

Abstract :
International audience
Complexity theory provides useful concepts for archaeologicalissues related to the understanding of past societies and their environment.More specifically, Agent-Based Modelling is a relevant tool to explorescenarios and to test hypotheses about the impacts of complex socioenvironmentalinteractions on the transformations of ancient settlement systemsevident in archaeological records. After a short historiography of complexsystems modelling in Archaeology, this paper focus on the mains issuesof archaeological simulation models. As a case study, we briefly presentthe model under development within the ModelAnSet project supported byUCAJEDI Complex Systems Academy of Excellence. Agent-Based Modellingis used to explore the respective impacts of environmental and social factorson the settlement pattern and dynamics during the Roman period inSouth-Eastern France.
Published : 2018-01-11
Document Type : Conference papers
Affiliation : Culture et Environnements, Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen-Age (CEPAM) ; Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (1965 - 2019) (UNS) ; COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015-2019) (COMUE UCA)-COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015-2019) (COMUE UCA)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université Côte d'Azur (UCA)
Source : hal-02014645

Citation

Frédérique Bertoncello, Marie-Jeanne Ouriachi, Célia da Costa Pereira, Andrea Tettamanzi, Louise Purdue, Daniel Contreras, Dennis Fox, Nobuyuki Hanaki, Rami Ajroud, Jérémy Lefebvre, « Modelling complex systems in Archaeology: general issues and first insights from the ModelAnSet project », Proceedings of the Complex Systems Academy, 2018-01-11. URL : https://hal.science/hal-02014645